This literature review was conducted to summarise empirical evidence relating to psychosocial health following ostomy surgery during hospitalisation and after discharge. Both qualitative and quantitative studies were searched from 2000 to 2017 using PubMed, CINAHL, Ebrary, Elsevier, Science Direct, and Scopus. Twenty-seven articles were included that examined the patient's psychosocial health following colostomy or ileostomy surgery. Among the 27 included studies, 11 adopted qualitative research methods and 16 used quantitative designs. Most of the studies were conducted to determine psychosocial problems and emotions of the individuals, their adaptation to the stoma, and their quality of life. Most of the psychosocial problems identified in these studies were poor body image perception and self-respect, depression, sexual problems, and lower psychosocial adaptation. This literature review has illustrated the patient's psychosocial health following stoma surgery. Further studies exploring the effect of psychosocial interventions could be planned.