The reduced serum concentrations of β-arrestin-1 and β-arrestin-2 in pregnancies complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus


Oğlak S. C., Yavuz A., Olmez F., Gedik Özköse Z., Süzen Çaypınar S.

Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, vol.35, no.25, pp.10017-10024, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 25
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14767058.2022.2083495
  • Journal Name: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.10017-10024
  • Keywords: beta-arrestins, gestational diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, INSULIN, HYPERGLYCEMIA, RECEPTOR
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Objective: This study aimed to analyze maternal serum β-arrestin-1 and β-arrestin-2 concentrations in pregnant women complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and compare them with the normoglycemic uncomplicated healthy control group. Methods: A prospective case-control study was conducted, including pregnant women complicated with GDM between 15 February 2021, and 31 July 2021. We recorded serum β-arrestin-1 and β-arrestin-2 concentrations of the participants. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to describe and compare the performance of diagnostics value of variables β-arrestin-1, and β-arrestin-2. Results: The mean β-arrestin-1 and β-arrestin-2 levels were found to be significantly lower in the GDM group (41.0 ± 62.8 ng/mL, and 6.3 ± 9.9 ng/mL) than in the control group (93.1 ± 155.4 ng/mL, and 12.4 ± 17.7, respectively, p <.001). When we analyze the area under the ROC curve (AUC), maternal serum β-arrestin-1 and β-arrestin-2 levels can be considered a statistically significant parameter for diagnosing GDM. β-arrestin-1 had a significant negative correlation with fasting glucose (r = −0.551, p <.001), plasma insulin levels (r = −0.522, p <.001), HOMA-IR (r = −0.566, p <.001), and HbA1C (r = −0.465, p <.001). β-arrestin-2 was significantly negatively correlated with fasting glucose (r = −0.537, p <.001), plasma insulin levels (r = −0.515, p <.001), HOMA-IR (r = −0.550, p <.001), and HbA1C (r = −0.479, p <.001). Conclusion: β-arrestin 1 and β-arrestin 2 could be utilized as biomarkers in the diagnosis of GDM. The novel therapeutic strategies targeting these β-arrestins may be designed for the GDM treatment.