Anesthesia mumps is characterized by acute transient swelling of the parotid gland association with general anesthesia. We presented a 25 years old pregnant woman with anesthesia mumps after 24 hours Cesarean section, and discussed treatment of anesthesia mumps and differential diagnosis. 25 years old woman underwent to operation for Cesarean section. Her Medical history had no chronic disease, and no allergies. Her mental and psychological status, neurological, other systematical examination findings and laboratory values were normal. General anesthesia was administered. Twenty four hours after the extubation, a large swelling of right more than left parotid region expanding down to the mandibular angle was noted. In conclusion we suggest that especialy obstetrical cases should be performed gently intubation and extubation and used medications should be attention. In additioal, anesthesia mumps of patients may fully recover within a few days without any treatment or with treatment.