Position of plasma in the phase diagram


Ibrahimoglu B., YILMAZOĞLU M. Z. , Karakaya F., Ibrahimoglu B.

JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE OF GAZI UNIVERSITY, vol.37, no.2, pp.939-948, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.17341/gazimmfd.847346
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE OF GAZI UNIVERSITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Art Source, Compendex, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.939-948
  • Keywords: Plasma, phase diagram, graphical method, critical point, liquid phase, metastable, LIQUID

Abstract

The study of phase transitions and critical parameters has a history of nearly one century. The interest shown in this field of science has provided an accumulation of knowledge about phase transitions and critical states of matter through significant researches. On the other hand, theoretical and experimental studies still show that the pressure and temperature diagram of the material is not completed. In particular, the absence of plasma in the (p-T) phase diagram, the uncertainty of the pressure-dependent boundary range of the liquid phase and the state of the equilibrium curves are the focus of the studies. In the phase diagram of pure substance (p-T), the representation of only three phases and the boundary curves separating these phases with two basic points limits the phase diagram. However, as long as the plasma, which constitutes 98% of the universe and is accepted as the fourth phase of matter, does not take place in the phase diagram (p-T) and the liquid phase remains uncertain, phase transitions and critical parameters cannot be fully resolved.