Utilization of nuclear waste plutonium and thorium mixed fuel in candu reactors


ŞAHİN S., Sarer B., Celik Y.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, vol.40, no.14, pp.1901-1907, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/er.3464
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.1901-1907

Abstract

Spent nuclear fuel out of conventional light water reactors contains significant amount of even plutonium isotopes, so called reactor grade plutonium. Excellent neutron economy of Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactors can further burn reactor grade plutonium, which has been used as a booster fissile fuel material in form of mixed ThO2/ PuO2 fuel in a CANDU fuel bundle in order to assure reactor criticality. The paper investigates incineration of nuclear waste and the prospects of exploitation of rich world thorium reserves in CANDU reactors.