Permeability Characteristics of Superfine Cement-Grouted Sand

Avci E., Mollamahmutoğlu M.

ACI MATERIALS JOURNAL, vol.114, no.1, pp.21-28, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 114 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.14359/51689471
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.21-28
  • Keywords: grout properties, groutability, permeability, superfine slag-based cement
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this research was to investigate the permeability of superfine cement-grouted sand. Initially, rheology of superfine cement suspensions was studied. The sedimentation and the setting time increased but the viscosity decreased as the water-cement ratio (w/c) increased. In addition, the penetrability of superfine cement suspensions with different w/c into various graded sand specimens prepared at different relative densities was tested. The penetrability of suspensions into the sand specimens was successful and increased as the w/c increased, but decreased as the relative density increased. Grouted sand samples were kept in a humidity room at a temperature of 20 degrees C (68 degrees F) until testing time and subjected to permeability tests at different time intervals. The coefficient of permeability increased as the w/c increased, but decreased as the relative density and the percentage of fines increased. Additionally, the coefficient of permeability of grouted samples decreased slightly with time.