Besides hydrogen peroxide is known as conventionally oxidizer, it is both a fuel and a source of ignition. Platinum is not suitable catalyst for oxidation and reduction of hydrogen peroxide, because it directly converts the hydrogen peroxide to oxygen gas. In this study, the oxidation mechanism of peroxide is investigated and a fuel cell operating with acidic peroxide as oxidant and basic peroxide as fuel is constructed. The peroxide oxidation reaction in novel alkaline direct peroxide/peroxide fuel cell (DPPFC), shown feasible here using less expensive carbon supported Nickel catalyst, makes the alkaline direct peroxide/peroxide fuel cell a potentially low cost technology compared to PEM fuel cell technology, which employs platinum catalysts. The power density of 3.75 mW cm(-2) at a cell voltage of 0.55 V and a current density of 14 mA cm(-2) was achieved in our fuel cell. Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. All rights reserved.