Psychological Problems Experienced by Women with Gynecological Cancer and How They Cope with It: A Phenomenological Study in Turkey

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HEALTH & SOCIAL WORK, vol.41, no.3, pp.173-181, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/hsw/hlw030
  • Title of Journal : HEALTH & SOCIAL WORK
  • Page Numbers: pp.173-181


This study was carried out to reveal, in detail, the psychosocial problems faced by women in Turkey during their illness with gynecological cancer, and how they cope with these problems. The phenomenological approach used for the methodology is consistent with that described by Clark Moustakas's transcendental phenomenology. The sample included 17 married women. A semistructured, in-depth question directive was used to collect the data. The psychological problems found in the women in the study included frustration and despair, depression, inability to control anger, disruption in body image, and problems with their sex lives. The women in the study stated that, among other activities, they prayed frequently. They also emphasized that social support from family and others was important in coping. The majority said that they were able to cope through denial. Women under treatment for gynecological cancer should be evaluated from a psychosocial standpoint, and spiritual care and social support should be provided as they frequently use these to cope with their illness. It is recommended that a team be created, consisting of nurses, psychiatrists or psychologists, and religious staff to meet these needs.