Evaluation of Diaphragm Thickness and Stiffness Using Ultrasound and Shear-Wave Elastography


ŞENDUR H. N. , CERİT M. N. , Sendur A. B. , ÖZHAN OKTAR S., YÜCEL C.

ULTRASOUND QUARTERLY, vol.38, no.1, pp.89-93, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/ruq.0000000000000593
  • Journal Name: ULTRASOUND QUARTERLY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-93
  • Keywords: diaphragm, ultrasound, thickness, stiffness, shear-wave elastography, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, MUSCLE, DYSFUNCTION
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The purposes of this study are to measure the thickness and stiffness of diaphragm in association with the respiratory cyclus and to assess the reproducibility of these measurements. Forty individuals who are volunteered for participating diaphragm evaluation were included in the study. Two radiologists with 14 and 15 years of experiences in abdominal ultrasound performed all examinations independently. Furthermore, 8 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were examined by only the first radiologist. Gray scale and shear-wave elastography imaging of only the right hemidiaphragm of all participants were performed. Thickness and stiffness of diaphragm were measured at the peak inspiration and end expiration phases. Intraclass correlation coefficients test was used to assess the interobserver agreement. The thickness and stiffness of diaphragm significantly increased with inspiration (P < 0.001). The mean +/- SD stiffness of diaphragm in peak inspiration and end expiration phases was 51.84 +/- 16.83 kPa and 38.49 +/- 9.42 kPa, respectively, for the first radiologist and 49.61 +/- 13.83 kPa and 37.52 +/- 10.71 kPa, respectively, for the second radiologist. Intraclass correlation coefficient values for diaphragm stiffness were 0.667 and 0.736 in peak inspiration and end expiration phases, respectively. In COPD patients, there was no significant difference between stiffness measurements of respiratory phases. In conclusion, the current study revealed that diaphragm thickness and stiffness increase at inspiration, and these measurements are slightly more reproducible at the end of expiration. However, diaphragm stiffness changes between respiratory phases may not be valid for COPD patients, and this may be related to loss of force-generating capacity of diaphragm in COPD patients.