JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, vol.107, no.5, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Review
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, CINAHL, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
beige, beiging, browning, brown adipose tissue, obesity, thermogenesis, MESSENGER-RNA EXPRESSION, MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN 4, MITOCHONDRIAL BIOGENESIS, CALORIC RESTRICTION, ENERGY-EXPENDITURE, UCP-1 EXPRESSION, GENE-EXPRESSION, BONE-MARROW, WEIGHT-LOSS, FAT
Gazi University Affiliated:
Beige adipocyte, the third and relatively new type of adipocyte, can emerge in white adipose tissue (WAT) under thermogenic stimulations that is termed as browning of WAT. Recent studies suggest that browning of WAT deserves more attention and therapies targeting browning of WAT can be helpful for reducing obesity. Beyond the major inducers of browning, namely cold and beta (3)-adrenergic stimulation, beige adipocytes are affected by several factors, and excess adiposity per se may also influence the browning process. The objective of the present review is to provide an overview of recent clinical and preclinical studies on the hormonal and nonhormonal factors that affect the browning of WAT. This review further focuses on the role of obesity per se on browning process.