NİĞDE FERTEK KİLİSE CAMİİ VE YAKIN ÇEVRESİNİN DÜZENLENMESİ VE BELGELENMESİ


Ergün N., Sağıroğlu Ö.

“IArcSAS” 1st International Architectural Sciences and Applications Symposium, Isparta, Turkey, 27 - 29 October 2021

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: Isparta
  • Country: Turkey

Abstract

The word church comes from the Greek word ekklesia, which means to gather. Over time, people have tried to build places of worship with the materials they can access, in line with the need for worship, in line with the conditions allowed by the period and geography. The surviving structures of these structures reflect the construction techniques, materials and social characteristics of the past period, so they shed light on the period they were built and have historical document value.

Niğde province, which has the characteristics of the Cappadocia region, has hosted many civilizations in the Cappadocia region with its strategic location in history. Almost every civilization has built many works that reflect its own culture and architecture. These works, which have survived for many years, reflect the richness and diversity of the historical and architectural texture in and around Niğde. Church structures in the Niğde region were generally built using regional stone and a masonry system between the 18th and 19th centuries. Some of these churches were converted into mosques after the Turkish-Greek population exchange in 1923. However, other churches that were not actively used were destroyed over time due to neglect. Before these works lose their original value, it is necessary to take the necessary precautions so that they can be documented and protected one by one.

In this study; Fertek Church Mosque, one of the 18th century registered church examples located in Fertek District of Niğde Province, is worked. Selecting the relevant building among the churches in the region; It has been chosen to ensure its sustainable preservation as it is a unique and exemplary structure with its architectural structure, woodwork and wall paintings. Within the scope of the study, the current state of the building and the changes it has undergone over time have been examined. Based on historical documents, the original condition of the church was investigated. Within the scope of the study, the current state of the building and the changes it has undergone over time have been examined and documented. In addition, the original condition of the church was investigated based on historical records. The reports, findings and researches prepared for the building are expected to set an example for similar churches and their similar studies.