Basic radiological assessment of synovial diseases: a pictorial essay


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Turan A., Celtikci P., TUFAN A., ÖZTÜRK M. A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY, vol.4, no.2, pp.166-174, 2017 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2015.0032
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.166-174
  • Keywords: Synovium, synovial hypertrophy, synovitis, magnetic resonance imaging, PIGMENTED VILLONODULAR SYNOVITIS, OF-THE-LITERATURE, RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, PSORIATIC-ARTHRITIS, PATHOLOGICAL CORRELATION, HEMOPHILIC ARTHROPATHY, IMAGING FEATURES, MRI, MANAGEMENT, DIAGNOSIS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The synovium is a specialized tissue lining the synovial joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths of the body. It is affected by various localized or systemic disorders. Synovial diseases can be classified as inflammatory, infectious, degenerative, traumatic, hemorrhagic, and neoplastic. Damage in other intraarticular structures, particularly cartilages, generally occurs as a part of pathologic processes involving the synovium, leading to irreversible joint destruction. Imaging has an essential role in the early detection of synovial diseases prior to irreversible joint damage. Obtaining and understanding characteristic imaging findings of synovial diseases enables a proper diagnosis for early treatment. This article focuses on the recent literature that is related with the role of imaging in synovial disease.