Carbon-polymer hybrid-supported nanomaterials for alcohol fuel cells

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Bayat R., Döner N., Şen F.

in: Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells, Fatih SEN, Editor, Elsevier, Cambridge, pp.371-387, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • City: Cambridge
  • Page Numbers: pp.371-387
  • Editors: Fatih SEN, Editor
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The population is increasing rapidly on planet Earth. Decreasing fossil fuels is necessary for preserving the environment, but doing so worsens the already increasing energy needs of the world. Renewable energy, however, can help meet these needs. Fuel cells, which are a good source of renewable energy, are electrochemical devices that convert chemical energy into electrical energy with high efficiency. Alcohol fuel cells (AFCs), another renewable energy source, provide energy by using alcohol, such as ethanol and methanol, in a way that does not cause harm to the environment. Carbon-based materials such as graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and fullerenes are used in fuel cells as support materials during the electrocatalysis process. Conductive polymers are used as support materials in catalysts due to their chemical stability and conduction. Polyaniline (PANI), polypyrrole (PPy), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), and poly-3-methyl thiophene (PMT) are the most commonly used polymers in fuel cells due to their conductivity. Nowadays, research is being carried out for the efficient operation of AFCs using carbon-polymer hybrid nanomaterials. The use of these nanomaterials in fuel cells leads to an increase in efficiency and is seen as a promising method to produce sufficient clean energy.