Automatic Landmark Detection through Circular Hough Transform in Cephalometric X-rays

Duman E., Kokver Y., ÜNVER H. M. , ERDEM O. A.

10th International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ELECO), Bursa, Türkiye, 30 Kasım - 02 Aralık 2017, ss.583-587 identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Bursa
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.583-587


In this paper, a knowledge based framework is proposed to detect automatically cephalometric landmarks: Porion (Po), Sella (S), Menton (Me), Pogonion (Pg) and Gnathion (Gn). In this way anomalies can be diagnosed easily by orthodontists. Our framework comprise of two main steps: (1) Adaptive Histogram Equalisation (AHE) is applied to clarify the image which is used to determine the method of treatment in orthodontics and obtained from the plain X-ray. (2) Circular Hough Transform method is used to locate the cephalometric landmarks automatically on the processed image, the method was tested on 7 cephalometric images and our framework accurately and automatically locates these 5 cephalometric landmarks.