Seasonal variation in the effect of a fixed dose of heparin on activated clotting time in patients prepared for open-heart surgery

Hodoglugil U., GÜNAYDIN D. B. , Yardim S., Zengil H., Smolensky M.

CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, vol.18, no.5, pp.865-873, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1081/cbi-100107521
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.865-873
  • Keywords: activated clotting time, circannual rhythm, chronopharmacology, heparin, ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, CONSTANT-RATE INFUSION, THROMBOSIS, PLATELET
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


We investigated the effect of an injected bolus of 5 mg kg(-1) heparin at one circadian stage (08:30 to 11:00) on blood coagulation during different months of the year. Activated clotting times (ACTs) were assessed before and 5 min after heparin dosing to ensure extracorporeal circulation during open-heart surgery. The ACT data of 1083 presumably day-active Turkish patients (816 men and 267 women, mostly older than 46 years) who underwent coronary bypass surgery between 08:30 and 11:00 in the years from 1994 to 1997 were analyzed for annual rhythmicity. The ACT values obtained just before and 5 min after heparinization were subjected to cosinor analysis using a 365.25-day period to assess seasonality in basal ACT level and heparin effect. A small-amplitude annual rhythm with a wintertime peak was documented in the morning ACT in the group of 1083 patients. Rhythms of similar magnitude and staging were also detected in heparin effect on ACT in the 1083 patients and in subgroups categorized by gender. Circannual rhythmicity in the heparin effect On ACT was also documented in the elderly (greater than or equal to 45 years old), but not young (18-45 years old) patients. The annual mean effect of heparin on the ACT was statistically significantly greater in younger than older patients. The relatively low-amplitude circannual rhythm in heparin effect on ACT (similar to 10% of the annual mean) is not viewed as being meaningful in patient preparation for bypass surgery for the 5 mg kg(-1) level of heparin dosing.