A shortest-route formulation of the mixed-model assembly line balancing problem is presented. Common tasks across models are assumed to exist and these tasks are performed in the same stations. The formulation is based on an algorithm which solves the single-model version of the problem. The mixed-model system is transformed into a single-model system with a combined precedence diagram. The model is capable of considering any constraint that can be expressed as a function of task assignments. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.