Spallation neutron emission spectra in medium and heavy target nuclei by a proton beam up to 140 MeV energy


Kaplan A., Tel E., Aydin E. G. , Aydin A., Yilmaz M.

APPLIED RADIATION AND ISOTOPES, vol.67, no.4, pp.570-576, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

In this study, neutron-emission spectra produced by (pxn) reactions for some spallation neutron target nuclei such as Cu-65, Pb-204.206.207.208, Bi-209, Th-232 and U-238 have been calculated by a proton beam up to 140 MeV. Multiple pre-equilibrium mean free path constants from internal transition for Pb-204,Pb-208 (p, xn) neutron emission spectra have been investigated. In the calculations, pre-equilibrium effects were calculated by using new evaluated hybrid model and geometry dependent hybrid model, full exciton model and cascade exciton model. The reaction equilibrium component was calculated by Weisskopf-Evving model. The obtained results have been discussed and compared with the available experimental data and found agreement with each other. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.