Suppression of Electron Avalanches in Ultra-Dilute SF6-N-2 Mixtures Subjected to Time-Invariant Crossed Fields


Dincer M. S. , TEZCAN S. S. , DÜZKAYA H.

ENERGIES, vol.11, no.12, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/en11123247
  • Journal Name: ENERGIES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: gaseous insulation, ultra-dilute, nitrogen, sulfur hexafluoride, TRANSPORT-COEFFICIENTS, ENERGY DISTRIBUTION, SWARM PARAMETERS, GAS-MIXTURES, SF6, EQUATION, N-2, CO2
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Ultra-dilute SF6 + N-2 mixtures are subjected to crossed fields with the applied magnetic field normal to the electric field in order to investigate critical magnetic field values for suppression of electron avalanche growth resulting in increased dielectric strength. Electron avalanche growth inhibition together with the related electron mean energy variation and electron energy distribution functions are reported in the binary mixtures subjected to the combined fields. Even if a very small amount of greenhouse gas (SF6) is used, high dielectric strength can be achieved in the binary mixtures with 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75%, 3%, and 7% SF6 contents subjected to the evaluated combined fields. The magnitude of the crossed magnetic field, which results in avalanche growth inhibition, decreases as the electronegativity of the mixture is increased.