Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with more than one area of life. Over the years, as the understanding about the disorder grew, the importance of improving the education of children with ADHD has been widely recognized. This chapter will provide an understanding of special and general education practices in Turkey with a special emphasis upon inclusion practices of Turkish students with ADHD; examine critically how inclusion of students with special needs has evolved over the years; and discuss social, economic, and educational dilemmas of inclusive education practices in Turkey. Although Turkey has made progress in developing a new policy and legislative framework in building an inclusive education system, there are several core problems in current practices that must be examined critically to improve future reform and implementation efforts. For this purpose, this chapter will discuss four major topics: (1) school functioning of students with ADHD; (2) students with ADHD in Turkey; (3) research in Turkish children with ADHD; and (4) inclusive education reform and special education in Turkey.