An investigation of effects of upsetting current time and normalization heat treatment on mechanical properties of X40CrMoV5 1 and Ç1030 steels joined by flash butt welding

Arabaci U., Cetinkaya C., Akay A.

Materials and Design, vol.28, no.8, pp.2351-2360, 2007 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matdes.2006.07.010
  • Journal Name: Materials and Design
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2351-2360


In this study X40CrMoV5 1 [H13] hot-work tool steel and Ç1030 plain carbon steel were welded to each other by using flash butt welding. Post weld normalization heat treatment was applied to one group of the test specimens welded under 2 bars of upsetting pressure and 1.6, 1.8 and 2 s of upsetting current times. Test results demonstrated that the highest hardness values obtained of the weld zone on Ç1030 side and the coarse grained zone on H13 side but with increasing upsetting current time there was a decrease in hardness values in the same zones of the specimens without heat treatment. Normalization heat treatment applied after welding caused a decrease in hardness and tensile strength values. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.