A critical analysis of extraction techniques used for botanicals: Trends, priorities, industrial uses and optimization strategies

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Belwal T., Ezzat S. M. , Rastrelli L., Bhatt I. D. , Daglia M., Baldi A., ...More

TRAC-TRENDS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.100, pp.82-102, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 100
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.trac.2017.12.018
  • Page Numbers: pp.82-102


Plant extracts have been long used by the traditional healers for providing health benefits and are nowadays suitable ingredient for the production of formulated health products and nutraceuticals. Traditional methods of extraction such as maceration, percolation, digestion, and preparation of decoctions and infusions are now been replaced by advanced extraction methods for increased extraction efficiency and selectivity of bioactive compounds to meet up the increasing market demand. Advanced techniques use different ways for extraction such as microwaves, ultrasound waves, supercritical fluids, enzymes, pressurized liquids, electric field, etc. These innovative extraction techniques, afford final extracts selectively rich in compounds of interest without formation of artifacts, and are often simple, fast, environment friendly and fully automated compared to existing extraction method. The present review is focused on the recent trends on the extraction of different bioactive chemical constituents depending on the nature of sample matrices and their chemical classes including anthocyanins, flavonoids, poly phenols, alkaloids, oils, etc. In addition, we review the strategies for designing extraction, selection of most suitable extraction methods, and trends of extraction methods for botanicals. Recent progress on the research based on these advanced methods of extractions and their industrial importance are also discussed in detail. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.