Marama Hand-Weavings In Crimea Culture


Akpinarli H. F. , Basaran F. N.

MILLI FOLKLOR, sa.94, ss.162-172, 2012 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 94
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.162-172

Özet

One of the most important handicrafts, which keeps its presence in a variety of subject, motif, color and product variety in every place the Turkish tribes lived, has been the art of weaving. Weaving, which shows difference technically depending upon the tools used, has always been important not only in fulfilling everyday needs, but also in the tradition of preparing dowry. Woven fabrics which have been prepared in simple hand looms and reflect the community's and the region's traditional values with technique, motif and colors, have been the best examples for this. This article has been prepared with the belief of keeping alive and transferring the vanishing material culture products and deals with the "marama" woven fabrics. The "Marama" woven fabrics are the examples of hand weaving of the Crimean Tatars. Culture of Crimean Tatars, vanishing and assimilated being away from their homelands for fifteen years, has formed a new synthesis as a result of integrating to various communities settled on the area Tatars live. These circumstances led to the variation of cultural structure and enrichment of handcrafts in ways of technique, pattern and composition. Considering architectural ornaments, metallic belongings, tomb works, embroideries and weavings, it is clear that Crimean Tatars has a special place in decorative arts. In this study, "marama" weavings, used as headscarf by Crimean Tatars for centuries and had rich ornaments in color, pattern, composition, are handled, examined in weaving techniques with the support of samples, photographs and pattern drawings.