Occurrence of familial Mediterranean fever in haemophilia patients


Kirkiz S., KAYA Z., GÖNEN S., YAĞCI A. M., KOÇAK Ü.

Haemophilia, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/hae.14698
  • Journal Name: Haemophilia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Arthritis, familial Mediterranean fever, haemophilia
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.Introduction: This is the first study of simultaneous occurrences of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) in patients with haemophilia. Aim: The aim was to investigate the frequency and clinical characteristics of FMF in patients with severe haemophilia. Methods: Our study included 30 patients with severe haemophilia (26 haemophilia A and four haemophilia B). All 30 patients are screened for MEFV genotypes in FMF according to the new Eurofever/PRINTO diagnostic criteria. All cohorts were genetically tested for FMF and thrombophilia. Results: Eight (26%) of 30 haemophilic patients were diagnosed with FMF. Six different heterozygous FMF mutations including M694V (n = 2), E148Q (n = 2), V726A(n = 1), P369S (n = 1), E148Q/K695R (n = 1) and E148Q/M694I (n = 1) were identified. Seven had haemophilia A and only one had haemophilia B. Four (50%) patients had a positive family history and three of them had extraarticular findings specific to FMF. Only one haemophilia B patient received colchicine. Target joints in the knee, ankle, and elbow were identified in three FMF patients. The number of target joints in eight patients with FMF was significantly lower than in twenty-two patients without FMF (p <.05). The annual number of suspected joint bleedings in FMF patients admitted to the hospital was 40; however, 15 (37.5%) were documented bleedings in ultrasounds. Hereditary thrombophilia was detected in seven of eight patients. Conclusion: Our data indicate that screening for FMF may be useful in patients with haemophilia who develop arthritis without prominent bleeding and have a positive family history in many Mediterranean countries, including Turkey.