Reviewing the Bricks Used in The Traditional Architecture with The Shape Grammar Method


GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, vol.29, no.4, pp.741-749, 2016 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Page Numbers: pp.741-749


The tradition started off as exposing the brick surfaces in the facades later lead to a technique that use the bricks on the facades as ornamental elements by glazing the surfaces of the material. In traditional Turkish architecture, the first examples of this technique can most potentially be found in buildings of early periods of Anatolian Principalities and Anatolian Seljuks. There are mainly two methods of application of exposed bricks: the first is the earlier period examples where surfaces were built in the form of brickworks; and the second is the later period examples where surfaces were built in the form of brick claddings. These different brick facing methods lead to the formation of varying ornamental arrangements. Particularly, the brick facing orders using the concepts of proportion, symmetry and replacement that are derived from the disciplines of mathematics and geometry, are significantly used on facade arrangements and decorations in later periods. One of the methods to determine the rule strings and decipher the design terminology of this brick facing arrangements that are themselves are formed according to a certain ordering system is the shape grammar method. As an order-based method, shape grammar allows to form new design strategies by determining the rules of the existing design terminology. In this study, it is aimed to analyze the brick facing arrangements defining the facade formations via shape grammar method. For that matter, the primary aim is to designate the facade arrangements indigenous to Anatolia.