Aging Processes Are Affected by Energy Balance: Focused on the Effects of Nutrition and Physical Activity on Telomere Length

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Gürel S., Pak E. N., Tek N. A.

Current Nutrition Reports, vol.13, no.2, pp.264-279, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13668-024-00529-9
  • Journal Name: Current Nutrition Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.264-279
  • Keywords: Aging, Energy balance, Nutrition, Physical activity, Telomere length
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose of Review: The number and proportion of individuals aged 60 and over are increasing globally. The increase in the elderly population has important social and economic effects. Telomere length is an important marker for healthy aging. Here, we review the relevance between telomere length and energy balance by determining the effects of physical activity, nutrients, dietary patterns, and foods on healthy aging and telomere length with related studies. Recent Findings: Evidence emphasizes the importance of telomere length and integrity for healthy aging. It also focuses on the importance of potential interventions such as physical activity and a healthy diet to improve this process. Summary: We suggest that ensuring energy balance with regular physical activity and healthy diets can contribute to the aging process by protecting telomere length. In addition, different methods in studies, short and inconsistent durations, different types of exercise, different diet patterns, and non-standard foods have led to conflicting results. More studies are needed to elucidate molecular-based mechanisms.