in: The Science of Citizen Science, Vohland K. et al., Editor, Springer, Cham, London, pp.7996, 2021
The natural sciences include the life and physical sciences and study
nature through observing and understanding phenomena, testing hypotheses,
and performing experiments. Key principles such as reliability, validity, objectivity,
and predictability are achieved through transparent assumptions, methods, data, and
interpretations as well as multidisciplinarity.
In this chapter we present insights into the genesis of citizen science in the natural
sciences and reflect on the intellectual history of the natural sciences in relation to
citizen science today. Further, we consider the current scientific approaches and
achievements of natural science projects, which are applying citizen science to
address empirical and/or theoretical research, focusing on monitoring programmes.
Presenting examples and case studies, we focus on the key characteristics of the
scientific inquiries being investigated in the natural sciences through citizen science.
Finally, we discuss the consequences of engagement in scientific processes in
relation to the future of natural scientists in a complex world.