© 2021 ICE Publishing: All rights reserved.An investigation was undertaken into energy recovery from water supply systems (WSSs) using pumps that can work in reverse as turbines. Napoli Est network in Italy was selected as a case study. To find the optimal locations for the installation of reversible pumps in the network, a methodology was developed and implemented using computer programming and hydraulic simulation software. A technical feasibility analysis was conducted to create different scenarios for implementation and a suitable pump was designed using computational fluid dynamics. Pump mode and reverse mode operation were simulated numerically and the performance was improved. Financial analysis showed that energy production in WSSs using pumps as turbines is a profitable alternative to traditional turbines and a renewable solution for the world's growing energy needs.