Effect of tool material on microstructure and mechanical properties in friction stir welding


MATERIALS TESTING, vol.58, no.1, pp.36-42, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3139/120.110816
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.36-42
  • Keywords: Al alloy, friction stir welding, TiN coating, mechanical properties, microstructure, GEOMETRY
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Although the number of experimental studies investigating the effect of friction stir welding (FSW) parameters on joining properties have increased recently, there are not sufficient numbers of studies on the effect of the stirring tool material in friction stir welding. This study investigated the effect of stirring tool materials on microstructure, mechanical properties and residual stress of joints. Samples of 7075-T651 Al alloys were joined by FSW using uncoated and TiN-coated X210Cr12 alloy steel stirring tools. The welding processes were performed at rotational speeds of 900, 1250 and 1600 rpm and at a welding speed of 60 mm x min(-1). Mechanical and metallographic tests were applied to the welded joints and residual stress analysis was performed using the hole drilling method. The best mechanical properties were determined in the welded samples joined by the uncoated tool at a rotational speed of 900 rpm. It was also determined that the TiN-coated tool negatively affected the mechanical and metallurgical properties of the weldements. Moreover, the highest longitudinal residual stresses were specified in the joining performed by the uncoated tool.