Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, an uncommon subtype of non-small cell carcinomas was introduced as a distinct entity in the recently revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lung tumours. This rare tumour most commonly develops in mates older than 60 years. We report a 23-years-old female patient with basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the lung who was stage IIB post-operatively. The patient is still alive and healthy 18 months after the operation. This is one of the youngest patient reported with this rare type of tumour. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.