Comparative evaluation of the antifungal efficacy of sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, and silver nanoparticles against Candida albicans


ÖNCÜ A., ÇELİKTEN B., AYDIN B., AMASYA G., AÇIK L., SEVİMAY F. S.

MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, vol.85, no.12, pp.3755-3760, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jemt.24249
  • Journal Name: MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.3755-3760
  • Keywords: antifungal efficacy, scanning electron microscopy, silver nanoparticles, ROOT-CANAL DISINFECTION, ENTEROCOCCUS-FAECALIS, BIOFILMS, AGAR
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Candida albicans is a microorganism that causes root canal infections. However, it cannot be eliminated with conventional irrigation solutions. Recently, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have become popular for their superior antimicrobial effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antifungal effect of AgNPs to C. albicans comparing with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 2% chlorhexidine (CHX). Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction method. Minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum fungicidal concentration of AgNPs against C. albicans strain were determined according to microdilution method reported by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. C. albicans biofilm layer was formed on the dentin blocks for 10 days. The biofilm structure was observed by scanning electron microscopy. Statistical analysis was performed with one way analysis of variance analysis and group comparisons were performed with Tukey test. AgNPs showed the highest antifungal effect among the groups. 5.25% NaOCl showed the lowest antifungal effect among the groups. While the 2% CHX solution had a statistically lower antifungal effect than AgNPs, it was found to have a higher effect than NaOCl (p < .016). Nanoparticles present a wide research field as an alternative irrigation solution in root canal treatment. The antifungal effect of AgNPs against C. albicans was confirmed in this study. Further in vivo studies should evaluate the conditions of use and long-term prognosis of AgNPs.