ALI NIHAI'S VELAYETNAMA OF HACI BEKTAS VELI WRITTEN IN POETRY AND THE HACI BEKTAS VELI EULOGIES IN THE VELAYETNAMA


Kurtoglu O.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, sa.57, ss.29-56, 2011 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 57
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.29-56

Özet

Velayetnama (books that describe the lives and the deeds of important persons of a religious order) in which Haci Bektas Veli's (Muslim saint) life, his sainthood, his miracles and his sufistic activities present, can also be evaluated as menakipnama (works which tell about the lives and the extraordinary events in the lives of Muslim saints and important religious persons) types of works and they are important sources of Turkish culture and literature. The Velis, who are primarily taken place in oral narrative in public and then are reflected in written narratives such as velayetname and menkibe, can either be the founder or the leading personality who contribute the development of Muslim Orders. Examining menakipnames initially written in Arabic and later on in Persian and Turkish languages beginning with the 11th. Century we can see a rich epic writing tradition is formed in the Eastern literatures. In Turkish literature, a number of velayetnames were written in verse or prose around such important names of Turkish history of mysticism such as Hacim Sultan, Haci Bektas Veli, Kaygusuz Abdal, Abdal Musa, Otman Baba, Sultan Sucauddin Baba, Demir Baba, Ahmed Yesevi, Mevlana, Yunus Emre. Ali Nihani b. Mehmed Tevfik Yozgadi were also velayetname writers who lived in the 19th Century. Nihani wrote a velayetnama in verse due to the request and insistence of Feyzullah Efendi who was in charge of Haci Bekta-i Veli Dergah (a building where all of the dervishes got together and prayed). As it is seen in other examples of this type, each verse has different rhymes in this velayetnama which consisted of approximately 6250 verses. During this work, primarily Ali Nihani b. Mehmed Tevfik Yozgadi's work called "Velayet-name-i Haci Bektas Veli" that was written in 1296 (1878) will be introduced. Only two copies of the book are known to exist. We will dwell on the misconception of Nihani's work as a new copy of Firdevsi-i Tavil's velayetnama which had been written earlier. Later on we will evaluate in form and content, the nine poems written in different verse types included in Nihani's poetic velayetnama and which was used to eulogize Haci Bektas Veli; and finally nine praise texts will be presented.