Solute-solvent interaction effects on protonation equilibrium of substituted N-benzylidene-2-hydroxyanilines in aqueous ethanol: The application of factor analysis to solvatochromic parameters and protonation equilibria

Altun Y. , Koeseoglu F.

MONATSHEFTE FUR CHEMIE, cilt.137, sa.6, ss.703-716, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 137 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00706-005-0477-6
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.703-716


In this study, the stoichiometric protonation constants, logK(OH) and logK(NH), of sixteen substituted N-benzylidene-2-hydroxyanilines have been determined potentiometrically in ethanol-water mixtures of varying composition (10-80% ethanol by volume) at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C. The values of the constants, logK, were submitted to factor analysis in order to obtain the number of factors which affect the variation of the whole data sets of protonation constants and, afterwards, to target factor analysis to identify these factors. The influence of solvatochromic parameters in the interactions between Schiff bases derivatives and the solvent studied was identified and quantified. Kamlet and Taft general equations allow calculation of the logK values of Schiff bases studied in any ethanol-water mixtures up to 80% (v/v) and thus provide the knowledge of the acid-base behaviour in these solvent media. Further, the quasi-lattice quasi-chemical (QLQC) theory of preferential solvation has been applied to quantify the preferential solvation by water of electrolytes in ethanol-water mixtures.