Essential Oils: Extraction Techniques, Pharmaceutical And Therapeutic Potential - A Review


Aziz Z. A. A. , Ahmad A., Setapar S. H. M. , Karakucuk A., Azim M. M. , Lokhat D., ...More

CURRENT DRUG METABOLISM, vol.19, no.13, pp.1100-1110, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.2174/1389200219666180723144850
  • Journal Name: CURRENT DRUG METABOLISM
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1100-1110
  • Keywords: Essential oils, chemical compositions, method of extractions, pharmaceutical, therapeutic potentials, cancer, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES, IN-VITRO, TRADITIONAL HYDRODISTILLATION, MICROWAVE HYDRODIFFUSION, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, WATER EXTRACTION, LEAVES

Abstract

Background: Essential oils are liquid extracts from aromatic plants, which have numerous applications in multiple industries. There are a variety of methods used for the extraction of essential oils, with each method exhibiting certain advantages and determining the biological and physicochemical properties of the extracted oils. Essential oils from different plant species contain more than 200 constituents which are comprised of volatile and non-volatile components. The application of essential oils as antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral agents is due to their effective and efficient properties, inter alia.