Coexistence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Superior Vena Cava Syndromes Due to Substernal Goitre in a Patient With Respiratory Failure: A Case Report


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Tunc M., Sazak H., Karlilar B., Ulus F., Tastepe I.

IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL, vol.17, no.5, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.5812/ircmj.17(5)2015.18342
  • Journal Name: IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Keywords: Substernal Goiter, Superior Vena Cava Syndrome, Apneas, Sleep, Respiratory Failure, MULTINODULAR GOITER

Abstract

Introduction: Substernal goiter may rarely cause superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) owing to venous compression, and cause acute respiratory failure due to tracheal compression. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may rarely occur when there is a narrowing of upper airway by edema and vascular congestion resulting from SVCS.