Evaluation of left and right ventricular functions with three-dimensional speckle tracking in patients with mitral stenosis

Seckin Gobut Ö., ÜNLÜ S., TAÇOY G.

ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES, no.2, pp.289-295, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/echo.14982
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.289-295
  • Keywords: mitral stenosis, myocardial strain, strain rate imaging, three dimensional transthoracic echocardiography
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Background The function of both ventricles has been suggested to be affected in patients with mitral stenosis. In this study, it was aimed to investigate deformation properties of right (RV) and left ventricle (LV) in rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) patients with three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE). Methods A total of 60 patients were included in the study (20 patients with mild MS diagnosis, 20 patients with moderate MS diagnosis, and 20 healthy volunteers). Three-dimensional echocardiography datasets were obtained for both ventricles in all patients. LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), LV torsion, RV free wall (FW) LS, and interventricular septal (IVS) LS measurements were analyzed. Results The LV ejection fraction (EF), RV fractional area change, peak systolic velocity of the tricuspit annulus, isovolumic acceleration, and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion values were statistically similar and in the normal range. The LV GLS measurements were significantly different among the groups by being highest in the control group and least in the moderate stenosis group. Patients with MS showed higher torsional values, correlated with MS severity. IVS LS, RVFW LS values obtained by RV analysis also differed significantly among groups. The RVFW-GLS values only showed significant difference between the control group and moderate MS group. Conclusion Patients with MS showed lower LV-GLS and higher LV torsion values. RV deformation indices showed significant decrease in correlation with the severity of the mitral stenosis. In conclusion, our data suggest that subclinical LV and RV systolic dysfunction is present in mild-moderate MS patients and this dysfunction can be detected by 3D-STE.