Study on (n,t) Reactions of Zr, Nb and Ta Nuclei


Tel E., Yigit M., Tanir G.

JOURNAL OF FUSION ENERGY, vol.31, no.2, pp.184-190, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10894-011-9450-z
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FUSION ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.184-190

Abstract

The world faces serious energy shortages in the near future. To meet the world energy demand, the nuclear fusion with safety, environmentally acceptability and economic is the best suited. Fusion is attractive as an energy source because of the virtually inexhaustible supply of fuel, the promise of minimal adverse environmental impact, and its inherent safety. Fusion will not produce CO2 or SO2 and thus will not contribute to global warming or acid rain. Furthermore, there are not radioactive nuclear waste problems in the fusion reactors. Although there have been significant research and development studies on the inertial and magnetic fusion reactor technology, there is still a long way to go to penetrate commercial fusion reactors to the energy market. Because, tritium self-sufficiency must be maintained for a commercial power plant. For self-sustaining (D-T) fusion driver tritium breeding ratio should be greater than 1.05. And also, the success of fusion power system is dependent on performance of the first wall, blanket or divertor systems. So, the performance of structural materials for fusion power systems, understanding nuclear properties systematic and working out of (n,t) reaction cross sections are very important. Zirconium (Zr), Niobium (Nb) and Tantal (Ta) containing alloys are important structural materials for fusion reactors, accelerator-driven systems, and many other fields. In this study, (n,t) reactions for some structural fusion materials such as Zr-88,Zr-90,Zr-92,Zr-94,Zr-96, Nb-93,Nb-94,Nb-95 and Ta-179,Ta-181 have been investigated. The calculated results are discussed andcompared with the experimental data taken from the literature.