The drum spring (DS) retractor: A constant and continuous force for canine retraction


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Darendeliler M., Darendeliler H. N. , Uner O.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.19, no.2, pp.115-130, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ejo/19.2.115
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-130
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Although much research has been undertaken on the rate of tooth movement, with different hypotheses having been put forward, the concepts of threshold, light, heavy and optimal forces are not still clear.