The drum spring (DS) retractor: A constant and continuous force for canine retraction


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Darendeliler M., Darendeliler H., Uner O.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.19, no.2, pp.115-130, 1997 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ejo/19.2.115
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-130

Abstract

Although much research has been undertaken on the rate of tooth movement, with different hypotheses having been put forward, the concepts of threshold, light, heavy and optimal forces are not still clear.