journal of dental sciences, vol.7, no.2, pp.99-104, 2012 (SCI-Expanded)
Background/purpose: Cariogram is a software program which was recently developed for the practical application of caries-risk assessment. The purpose of this study was
to evaluate the relationships between caries risk and different variables of Cariogram in
a young adult population.
Materials and methods: This study included 90 volunteers (49 females and 41 males) aged 19e
25 years. Systemic diseases, diet frequency, fluoride programs, and the decayed, missing, and
filled teeth (DMFT), decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMFS), and plaque indices were recorded by clinic and radiographic examinations. The saliva secretion rate, and Streptococcus
mutans and Lactobacillus counts were determined by saliva sampling.
Results: Statistically significant correlations were found between the caries risk determined
by Cariogram and the past caries experience (DMFT and DMFS indices), fluoride programs,
and S. mutans and Lactobacillus counts in the saliva. The results of a linear regression analysis
showed that the most important factors for caries risk were the past caries experience, diet
frequency, fluoride program, saliva secretion rate, and S. mutans and Lactobacillus counts.
Conclusions: According to the results of this study, the most important factors for caries risk
were the past caries experience, fluoride programs, and S. mutans and Lactobacillus counts