Occurrence of a Swirling Vortex without an Intake


GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, vol.34, no.1, pp.54-61, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.35378/gujs.704657
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.54-61
  • Keywords: Air-core vortex, Dust devil, Swirling vortex flow, Tornado, CRITICAL SUBMERGENCE, VORTICES
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, mechanisms that cause the occurrence of a swirling vortex without an intake are explained. There are more than one different reasons which may cause the occurrence of an air-core vortex or a swirling-vortex flow filament within an ambient fluid. An air-core vortex or a swirling vortex flow filament can also occur in an ambient fluid media without an intake provided that the coaxial subsurface depressions and thereby the imaginary subsurface spherical sink surface sectors are hydraulically developed by any means (such as rotation of the fluid mass of spherical sector-form, impinging or penetrating jet flow, continuously entering solid body or string etc.). Although studies related to occurrence of a swirling vortex in case of an intake can be found in available literature, there are currently no studies which explains the occurrence mechanisms of a swirling vortex without an intake in detail. In this study, it is showed that the causes for the occurrence of the air-core vortex or the swirling vortex filament can be different but the main mechanism of development of the air-core vortex or the swirling vortex filament is identical for all cases.