Physicochemical properties of vanadium impregnated Al-PILCs: Effect of vanadium source

Balci S. , Tecimer A.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, cilt.330, ss.455-464, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 330
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.12.160
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.455-464


Clay from the Middle Anatolian previously pillared by Al-13-Keggin ions and then calcined at 300 degrees C (Al-PILC) was impregnated with aqueous solutions of vanadium precursors by impregnation from solution (I), wet impregnation (WI) and washing after wet impregnation (WWI) methods. The crystal and textural properties were evaluated by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nitrogen sorption and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images. Vanadium incorporation into the Al-PILC resulted decreases in the basal spacing from 1.75 nm to 1.35 nm with the preserved typical layered structure. The use of sodium meta-vanadate (NaVO3) as the source and the impregnation from solution as the incorporation method resulted in less structural deformation in the final solid. Loading of the vanadyl sulfate hydrate (VOSO4 center dot H2O) resulted in a higher V/Si ratio in the solid since both settling and ion exchange mechanism occured. The vanadium was usually bonded in the +5 oxide form, and the particles were settled between these layers and onto the outer surface of the clay particles. The existence of V-O structural bonds and Bronsted and Lewis acid sites were observed in the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results. Up to 300 degrees C dehydration with high mass loss was observed, followed by the decreases in mass loss, and finally, at around 900 degrees C, hydroxylation reactions were observed in the TGA/DTA analyses. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.