DNA damage in human lymphocytes exposed to four food additives in vitro


YILMAZ S., ÜNAL F. , YÜZBAŞIOĞLU D. , ÇELİK M.

TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH, cilt.30, ss.926-937, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0748233712466132
  • Dergi Adı: TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.926-937

Özet

In vitro genotoxic effects of antioxidant additives, such as citric acid (CA) and phosphoric acid (PA) and their combination, as well as antimicrobial additives, such as benzoic acid (BA) and calcium propionate (CP), on human lymphocytes were determined using alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis. There was a significant increase in the DNA damage in human lymphocytes after 1h of in vitro exposure to CA, PA, BA and CP (200, 25-200, 50-500, 50-1000g/mL, respectively). The combination of CA and PA significantly increased the mean tail intensity at all the concentrations used (25-200g/mL) and significantly increased the mean tail length mainly after higher concentrations (100and 200g/mL). Data in this study showed that the concentrations of food additives used induce DNA damage and PA was the most genotoxic and CA was less genotoxic additives among them.