A FUNCTIONALIST APPROACH TO THE TRADITIONS OF "ULUS" AND "CILIK" IN THE CONTEXTS OF TURKISH STATE SYSTEM AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF SOCIAL ORDER


Besirli H.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, no.63, pp.337-358, 2012 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 63
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.337-358

Abstract

Social structure is a body that functios in harmony. This structure as a body, survives in a way having a tendency of balance. The balance could occur by means of social institutions and the behavioural patterns that form social institutions. Behavioural patterns and institutionalized behaviours are basic elements of the function of social structure both in macro-level and micro-level dimensions. On the basis of functionalist approach, this study evaluates both the function of share of the royal properties in terms of the construction of political and social positions of individuals and also the influence of the size of received piece in ceremonial meal and experienced treatment, in other words the role of share of food in the power relations in daily life. Thus, the share system is being questioned with its representation in state system and reflections on practices of daily life in the process of the establishment of social order. While this share system is usually identified as "ulus", in different Turkish communities, the ceremonial share of the meal is called as "cilik". The study presents an evidence for the evaluation of definite status criteria for determining of individuals' social positions in the system of state and their situation in political and social hierarchy that take place in this study. It may be argued, the status criteria might obviously vary in different stages of a development of the same society. Within this context, in contemporary Kazakh and Kyrgyz societies, share on the base of "cilik" is advocated to own a significant function for the reproduction of social hierarchy. We can see the food share system in beverages. In this context, that occupy an important place in the Alawi-Bektashi culture, expressed as a bloodless sacrifice dolu-tolu and lokma applications, components with cement is a reflection of this tradition.