Boratav O., Gurdal N.

ART-SANAT, vol.6, pp.169-183, 2016 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Journal Name: ART-SANAT
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.169-183
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


In the 18th century, the royal art collections began turning into the first museums, while in the 19th century the museums was established in the capitals of the empires in all over the Europe. After the private museums were opened to the public access thanks to the influence of the Renaissance, standardization in classification of the artworks was introduced for the first time. The artworks were labeled according to their chronological, stylistic, periodical and etc. order. The heritage that defines the national identity is displayed in the museums. The art owes its raison d'etre and its power to the social construction. The museums have been moved into the metropolises from the countryside. A huge change happened in the concept of exhibition as a result of Impressionism. It saved the audience from the rules and the sanctified atmosphere and let them to be exposed to an abuse that they had never experienced before. The ready-made objects and photography as artwork and the abandonment of the interiors let the viewers participate in the exhibition process.