The Use of Stepper Motor-Controlled Proportional Valve for Fio(2) Calculation in the Ventilator and its Control with Fuzzy Logic

Golcuk A., GÜLER İ.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SYSTEMS, cilt.41, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10916-016-0650-y


This article proposes the employment of a proportional valve that can calculate the amount of oxygen in the air to be given to patient in accordance with the amount of FiO(2) which is set from the control menu of the ventilation device. To actualize this, a stepper motor-controlled proportional valve was used. Two counts of valves were employed in order to control the gases with 2 bar pressure that came from both the oxygen and medical air tanks. Oxygen and medical air manometers alongside the pressure regulators were utilized to perform this task. It is a fuzzy-logic-based controller which calculates at what rate the proportional valves will be opened and closed for FiO(2) calculation. Fluidity and pressure of air given by the ventilation device were tested with a Flow Meter while the oxygen level was tested using the electronic lung model. The obtained results from the study revealed that stepper motor controlled proportional valve could be safely used in ventilation devices. In this article, it was indicated that fluidity and pressure control could be carried out with just two counts of proportional valve, which could be done with many solenoid valves, so this reduces the cost of ventilator, electrical power consumed by the ventilator, and the dimension of ventilator.