Dentoskeletal morphology in adults with Class I, Class II Division 1, or Class II Division 2 malocclusion with increased overbite

UZUNER F. D. , Aslan B. , Dincer M.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS AND DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS, vol.156, no.2, pp.248-258, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 156 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2019.03.006
  • Page Numbers: pp.248-258


Introduction: The treatment options for adults with increased overbite are limited to dentoalveolar changes that camouflage the condition. Because of high relapse tendency, defining the problem area is important when creating a treatment plan. This study aimed to evaluate dentoskeletal morphology in skeletal Class I and II anomalies associated with Angle Class I, Class II Division 1 (Class II/1), and Class II Division 2 (Class II/2) malocclusions with increased overbite compared with normal occlusion. Methods: Pretreatment cephalograms of 306 patients (131 men, 175 women; overall ages 18-45 years) were evaluated. Four groups were constructed. Three groups had increased overbite (>4.5 mm): group 1 (n = 96) skeletal Class I (ANB = 0.5 degrees-4 degrees), group 2 (n = 85) skeletal Class II (ANB >4.5 degrees) with Class II/1; and group 3 (n = 79) skeletal Class II with Class II/2 malocclusion. Group 4 as a control (n = 46) skeletal Class I normal overbite. Dental and skeletal characteristics of the groups were compared by sex. For statistical evaluations, analysis of variance followed by Tukey post hoc, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskall-Wallis tests were used. Additionally correlation coefficients between overbite and skeletal/dental parameters were calculated. Results: Between sexes, with regard to skeletal parameters, the men had greater values in millimetric measurements, and the women had higher SN/GoGn values. Maxillary/ mandibular molar heights and the mandibular incisor heights were higher in men. In group 1, decreased lower anterior facial height (LAFH), retrusive mandibular incisors, and increased interincisal degree were determined. The maxillary molars were intrusive, whereas the vertical position of the mandibular molars and incisors in both jaws were normal. In group 2, retrognathic mandible, increased LAFH and mandibular plane angle, extrusive maxillary/mandibular incisors, protrusive mandibular incisors, and decreased interincisal degree were found. In group 3, decreased LAFH, increased interincisal degree, and retrusive incisors in both jaws were determined. There were significant negative correlations between SN/GoGN, palatal plane, and overbite in group 2 and between ANS-SN and overbite in group 3, and positive correlation between interinsical angle and overbite in all increased overbite groups. Conclusion: Dental morphology seems to be the main factor of increased overbite. Differences between groups were related primarily to inclinations and vertical positions of the incisors, rather than molar positions.