BATH-BATHING CULTURE AND SPACE IN ANATOLIA


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Dinç Kalaycı P., Şenol G.

VIII. INTERNATIONAL EUROPEAN CONGRESS ON SOCIAL SCIENCES, Rijeka, Croatia, 4 - 05 December 2022, pp.419-436

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Rijeka
  • Country: Croatia
  • Page Numbers: pp.419-436
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Starting from the Ancient Age, the bath space, which tried to exist in the timeline in order to perform the physical and spiritual cleansing action, which is one of the basic needs, has also become a unique part of the Anatolian bathing culture. Various design steps were taken towards to use bath-gymnasium complexes, domed and high vaulted interiors, symmetrical / asymmetrical plan types, inclined and circular architectural elements, which formed the building blocks of urban life over time, from the bathing rooms with developed water and drainage systems in the Bronze and Iron Ages. Although it is not only a point of view aiming at development in design and technical terms, it is also important to ensure the continuity of a daily cultural habit that dominates the society in general. The tradition of bathing and bathing tradition, which is a satisfying experience along with physical and psychological relaxation, has become an indispensable phenomenon for centuries by integrating with the clear water and steamy space. In Anatolia, which uses the Greek gymnasium and the Roman bath together in terms of planning and design, it has been a matter of curiosity in this sense how the bath culture is kept alive. In this study; it is aimed to examine the stages of change and transformation of the phenomenon of the bath space, which is inspired and maintained by different civilizations in religious, social, cultural and especially architectural contexts on Anatolian lands. Through the examples that take place in the historical flow of time, the changing priorities of the bath culture-space and the features of efforts to ensure its continuity are mentioned. It is focused on how the bath structures in Anatolia have found a place for themselves especially throughout the history of architecture, their place in social life, which stages they have passed through until today and their counterparts today. It has been considered important to question the status of the bath culture, which has a very long history and has become a necessity throughout all civilizations, through the examples in Anatolia. As a result of the study; predictions have been made about the future of the Turkish bath and bathing culture, which has become a historical term, and evaluations have been made in terms of ensuring the continuity of the tradition.