Microvascular transfer of the combined gastrocnemius-soleus muscle flap in the rat

Paletta J., Atabay K., Bentz M.

ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, vol.41, no.5, pp.535-537, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/00000637-199811000-00014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.535-537
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


The combined gastrocnemius-soleus (G-S) muscle flap is a new research model for use in microvascular free tissue transfer in rats. Harvest of the combined G-S muscle flap is straightforward technically, and its increased size makes it particularly useful for biochemical and morphological study. A single G-S muscle complex accounts for approximately 1% of a rat's total body weight (261.67 +/- 21.60 g). It can be used as a free muscle flap based on its large femoral pedicle (artery diameter, 0.9 +/- 0.1 mm; vein diameter, 1.6 +/- 0.1 mm). Eight G-S muscle flaps were harvested as free muscle flaps and transferred to a recipient femoral site. The flaps were explored 24 hours after revascularization and assessed for viability by visual inspection of the muscle and vascular pedicle, as well as by fluorescein injection. A survival rate of 100% (8 of 8) was noted at 24 hours. This flap is reliable, easily harvested, and provides additional muscle bulk for microvascular research.