Railways are in the human life for over 200 years and they are directly related to the socio-economic conditions of the country. The transport sector has played a key role until the end of the Second World War. With the development of machinery industry, motor vehicles created an alternative way for the transportation and it putted and end to the superiority of railways. However, countries try to revive railway sector due to the economic reasons. This studying discussed the scope of the industry's restructuring efforts and examined the work carried out reforms. In line with these studies, opening the Turkey's railway sector into competition and presents views on the creation of a suitable model were investigated.