The Entrance to Trabzon from East Gate: Tabakhane and Ortahisar


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Atalay N. G. , KÜÇÜK KARAKAŞ B.

ICONARP INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING, vol.5, pp.77-90, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.15320/iconarp.2017.27
  • Title of Journal : ICONARP INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING
  • Page Numbers: pp.77-90

Abstract

The city of Trabzon, was established on a plenary hillside which remains in between Tabakhane and Zagnos valleys horizontally. In resources, it is mentioned that the first usage of the city's name was "Trapezus" which means "table" and this usage was a result of the city's position, since it is established on a decent hillside which rises between two valleys. The east border of the study, which is the East Gate (Tabakhane Gate) of the historical walls, is important as it is the entrance point to the city through "Gavur Square", which became the second centre of the city in time. The west border (Fatih Grand Mosque) of the study is also important since it is the oldest church of the city and it was the first example which was transformed into mosque due to Ottoman conquest procedures after the city was conquered by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. The border of the study is determined as the curled artery, which continues between these two historical elements and the public, and civil architectural examples in the artery from Tabakhane Mosque and Bridge to Fatih Grand Mosque are studied with a framework of historical chronology.