Effects of impregnation with imersol-AQUA on yellow color tone of some softwoods and varnishes


Atar M. , Keskin H. , Colakoglu M. H.

Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol.103, no.2, pp.1048-1054, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 103 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.25301
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Page Numbers: pp.1048-1054

Abstract

This study has been performed for determining impacts of impregnation with Imersol-AQUA (I-AQUA) to yellow color tone of some softwoods and varnishes. For this purpose, samples of scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), oriental spruce (Picea orientalis L.), and Uludaǧ fir (Abies bornmlleriana L.) wood, prepared according to the ASTM D 358 standards, are impregnated with I-AQUA by short-term (S), medium-term (M), and long-term (L) immersion techniques in accordance with ASTM D 1413 and producer's definition. After impregnation, surfaces have been coated by synthetic (Sv), acrylic (Ac), water-based varnishes (Wb) and polyurethane (Pu) varnishes in accordance with ASTM D 3023 standards. According to ASTM D 2244 standards, yellow color tone value of specimens after varnishing process was determined. As a result, based on the wood material, varnish type, and impregnation period, yellow color tone was the highest in pine, medium-term dipping, and synthetic varnish and the lowest in fir, long-term dipping, and water-borne varnish. Considering the interaction of wood type, period of impregnation and type of varnish, yellow color tone was the highest in fir + medium-term of dipping + synthetic varnish and the lowest in spruce + long-term of dipping + water-borne varnish. So, impregnation process, impregnation period, and varnishes applied during tests showed increasing impact for yellow color tone value of wood materials. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.